Volume 4, Issue 4 (Nov 2016)                   Res Mol Med (RMM) 2016, 4(4): 28-37 | Back to browse issues page

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Khademi F, Mohammadi P, Yari K, Mostafaie A. Resistance of Cloned 1F5 Chimeric Anti-CD20 Antibody Heavy-Chain Gene to DNA Polymerase due to a Predicted Hairpin Structure. Res Mol Med (RMM). 2016; 4 (4) :28-37
Abstract:   (3525 Views)

Background: Formation of secondary structure such as DNA hairpins or loops may influence molecular genetics methods and PCR based approaches necessary for genetic engineering, in addition to gene regulation.

Materials and Methods: A polymerase chain reaction with splice overlap extension (SOE-PCR) was used to create fully synthetic 1F5 chimeric anti-CD20 heavy- and light-chain genes. The chimeric genes were cloned into the pCR-Blunt II-TOPO vector following by cloning into the pBudCE4.1 expression vector. Prediction of secondary structure was performed with the Vienna RNAfold webserver. PCR and sequencing across the predicted secondary structure of chimeric 1F5 heavy-chain gene was performed with multiple protocols for standard and GC-rich templates.

Results: In our attempt to design vectors aimed to generate mouse-human chimeric antibody against CD20 (1F5), we found that the coding sequence of 1F5 chimeric heavy-chain gene constructed by SOE-PCR was resistant to polymerase during both PCR and sequencing reactions. Furthermore, we were also unable to analysis some positive transformants by restriction enzyme digestion. Encountering such difficulties to identify the cloned anti-CD20 chimeric heavy-chain gene, we found that the chimeric heavy-chain sequence is highly GC-rich and predicted to form a stable secondary structure.

Conclusion: In conclusion, for the first time, we reported several difficulties with production of therapeutic chimeric 1F5 anti-CD20 antibody due to a predicted hairpin cluster correlates with barriers to PCR, sequencing and possibly restriction analysis. Our findings provide a probable note for researchers experiencing technical difficulties with construction of chimeric anti-CD20 antibody 1F5 gene vectors and also with other genes and molecular biology techniques requiring PCR-based method or restriction enzyme analysis. 

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Immunology
Received: 2016/11/20 | Accepted: 2017/01/17 | Published: 2017/01/17

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