Volume 3, Issue 2 (May 2015)                   Res Mol Med (RMM) 2015, 3(2): 28-36 | Back to browse issues page

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zayerzadeh E, Koohi M K, Fardipour A. Transcriptional effects of Organochlorine o,p′-DDT and its Metabolite p,p′-DDE in Transfected MDA-MB 231 and MCF-7 Breast Cancer Cell Lines. Res Mol Med (RMM). 2015; 3 (2) :28-36
Abstract:   (3818 Views)

Background: The organochlorine DDT has estrogenic activity but the mechanism underlying the estrogenic activity of this pesticide remains unclear. In the present investigation here, we studied the transcriptional effects of a synthetic organochlorine pesticide o,p’-DDT [1.1.1.-trichloro-2-(o-chlorophenyl)-2-p-chloriphenyl ethane] and its metabolite p,p'-DDE (2-2-bis(4/chlorophenyl)-1-1-dichloroethyl) on the bovine oxytocin and the thymidine kinase-ERE promoter by estrogen receptor &alpha in MDA-MB 231 and MCF-7 breast cancer cell line.
Materials and Methods: Cells were seeded for transfections into 12- well plates at a density of 100000 cells per well and were transfected with a total of 3 &mug of plasmid DNA using calcium phosphate coprecipitation. o,p’-DDT and p,p'-DDE were used for stimulation of transfected MDA-MB 231 and MCF-7 breast cancer cell lines.
Results: The results showed o,p’-DDT has no agonistic activity in MDA-MB 231 cells transfected with the oxytocin promoter construct (OTwt) or the thymidine kinase-ERE promoter construct (TK ERE) and estrogen receptor &alpha. While, The results obviously show that o,p’-DDT has an agonistic effect on both the oxytocin and the thymidine kinase-ERE promoter in MCF-7 leading to a more than two-fold stimulation of transcription at 10-5 M. In addition, there is no agonistic effect with p,p'-DDE on transfected MCF-7 cells and MDA-MB 231 cell line.
Conclusion: In conclusion, our results revealed that o,p’-DDT has not estrogenic activity in a classical mechanism in transfected MDA-MB 231 breast cancer cells while has estrogenic activity in a classical mechanism in transfected MCF-7 human breast cancer cell line.

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Toxicology
Received: 2015/04/29 | Accepted: 2015/05/2 | Published: 2015/06/30

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